Shibori is the Japanese term for dyeing fabric with a pattern by stitching, folding, clamping or binding it. One can also use the term “tie-dye” to describe many of the shibori fabrics, and tie-dyeing techniques that are traditional to India include bandhani and leheria.
At Brass Tacks we use the term shibori to denote methods of stitch-resist and clamp-resist that are not traditional to India. These crafts are now practiced by textile designers and textile cooperatives in India to provide a wider variety of textile designs.
In stitch-shibori, the fabric is stitched in a particular design (the fabric may be folded or pleated before stitching to add another dimension to the design). The tightly stitched fabric is then dyed and dried. After the fabric is untied, a pattern is revealed where the fabric was stitched (where the dye could not penetrate the fabric).
In clamp shibori, the fabric is folded in a particular pattern and then clamped down with patterned wooden blocks before dyeing. The result is a pattern (in the shape of the wooden block) repeated all over the fabric, which shows up because the rest of the fabric retains the colour of the dye.