Shibori is the Japanese term for dyeing fabric with a pattern by stitching, folding, clamping or binding it. One can also use the term “tie-dye” to describe many of the shibori fabrics, and tie-dyeing techniques that are traditional to India include bandhani and leheria.
At Brass Tacks we use the term shibori to denote methods of stitch-resist and clamp-resist that are not traditional to India. These crafts are now practiced by textile designers and textile cooperatives in India to provide a wider variety of textile designs.
In clamp shibori, the fabric is folded in a particular pattern and then clamped down with patterned wooden blocks before dyeing. The result is a pattern (in the shape of the wooden block) repeated all over the fabric, which shows up because the rest of the fabric retains the colour of the dye.